The Mamluks: The History and Legacy of the Medieval Slave Soldiers Who Established a Dynasty in Egypt
The Mamluks: The History and Legacy of the Medieval Slave Soldiers Who Established a Dynasty in Egypt3,83 6 5 Forfatter: Charles River Editors Oplæser: David Bernard
However, there was another factor that made Cairo infamous. The city represented the last bastion of the Muslim world - a great Islamic caliphate, centered in Iraq, had once stretched from the edges of Central Asia to Spain, but invasions by outside enemies had mostly overrun this once mighty empire. The Mongol armies, pouring forth from their grasslands in Asia, had sacked Baghdad in 1258, destroying the caliphate and sending the Islamic world into a state of deep peril. Moreover, European crusaders had launched multiple invasions into Palestine and the Levant, threatening the very existence of the Muslim world. Ultimately these foreign invaders were all stopped by one group: the Mamluks of Egypt, a group of warriors, slaves, and kings.
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